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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Cheryl's Choices


As Cheryl's aunt, my first contact with Cheryl was when she was about two or three months old. When I first held Cheryl she cried consistently and tried to wriggle free. During the whole time I was holding her, I consistently said, "I'm your aunt, and there's no need for you to be afraid of me."Shortly afterward, I had Cheryl with me for about 18 hours while her parents were out of town. During this time she cried and whimpered even when she was asleep. When her parents returned to pick her up she immediately stopped crying and turned to stare at me. It was evident that she was thinking that I was "okay."I appreciate Cheryl's parents allowing me to be her alternate care provider during her toddler years.

When Cheryl began to walk and talk she spent the majority of her days with me and her grandfather, going home only at night. She and I would wait several hours by the road watching a caterpillar to make sure it crossed safely. While waiting I explained to Cheryl how a caterpillar fits into the nature of things. Cheryl insisted that books of any nature be read to her and was encouraged to make up her own stories from the pictures.

Since both Cheryl's father and myself had cared for any animal we could get our hands on as children, Cheryl was also encouraged to care for animals. This led to some difficulty Cheryl had in eating the various subsistence foods that were caught by her father, although she participated in the gathering and preparation of those foods. When it came to a choice, Cheryl preferred to have fresh or canned fruit over candy or pop. Dill pickles became the preference over candy when given a choice.

Cheryl spent lots of time going out into the country with either her father or myself on the machines or with the dog team I had during this time. If our dogs got into a fight it bothered her to see them being hit by their owner. Several times she had nightmares after witnessing an incident, regardless of whose team it was.

As Cheryl has cousins that are within her age group, there was always some competition for attention. She also understood that parents have one set of rules and other adults have their own rules.

During Cheryl's first six years I encouraged and emphasized independence, respect for herself and others, respect for nature, education as a means for future survival, and developing a strong family and cultural identity.

By: Dolores Hunter
Cheryl's Choices

Charlotte Through My Eyes

- Ellen Alstrom

When Lorah was Lost!

- Janice Olsen

Tanya and Her Brothers

- Florence Peter

Don't Do Dat Matt

- Linda Owletuck

Babysitting Rose

- Barbara Fitka-Duny

Rose's Always in a Rush

- Ruth Ann Fitka

Cheryl's Choices

- Dolores Hunter

Matt's Childhood

- Clara Shorty

Curious Tassie

- Barbie Fitka-Duny

An Unforgettable Spring Adventure

- Richard L. Olsen

Tassie Spoiled Rotten

- Sophie Tiffert

Bo-Boy's Young Days

- Alex Evan

Greg Mr. Fix-it

- Ole Lake

When Cheryl was Young

- Karen Ellis

When Jon was Young

- Andy Boots

Young Jonathan

- Daisy Coffee

Robert's Young Life

- Walter Pitka

Cowboy Robert

- Nancy Fitka

Tiny Giggles

- Ray Alstrom Sr.


What Worked
For My Parents in Raising
Their Kids


What My Parents
Would Have Done Differently
If They Could Do It Over


Advice From Parents
To Young Parents


for parents


The Kids


Do's and Do Not's about Parenting


Gems of Wisdom from
the Elders


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 24, 2006