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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Feature News 

A Bad Year For Eeling

Eeling hasn't been as good over the past few years as the elders say it was in the past. In the past there were a lot of lamprey eels in the river and they always caught lots around the first week in November. And they didn't only have one run of eels but sometimes three runs.

Jackie George was one of the many eelers who went out to go look for eels. He did as good as most of the other guys who went. This year most of the eels were closer to shore by Clem's camp, and towards Ingiraq they were further out on the river. Jackie caught about a gunny sack full of eels. The eeling season was fun for him because there were a lot of people there doing this traditional Yupik activity.

Nick Isaac was another person that went to look for the eels and he also did good. He went both to Clem's camp and to lngriraq and caught one and a half bags of eels. Nick had a lot of fun because it was the first time in three years he got some lamprey. It was also fun because he only hunts lamprey once a year and it was a good change. The reason why Nick thinks the eel return is going down is the same as what the elders say--that if we waste eels one year we'll get less in the future; and also that people who have recently lost a relative are not supposed to go down to the river until the eels pass. If relatives of a recently deceased person go down to the ice before the eels get here, he said, the eels will scatter and go faster upriver.

Vernon Evan, one of the elders from Marshall, said "The main reason the eels are getting less is because people are getting careless and just leaving the eels on the ice, and the eels don't like that. Like when people catch too many eels and say they are going to go get them later on, but then it snows and they forget where they left them because the snow has covered them." Vernon said they used to catch a lot more eels in the past when they weren't as careless as they are now.

After catching their eels, which people here call "nameryaq," they use them for their dogs and also cook them for their own consumption.

Jonathan Boots
A Bad Year For Eeling 


Floss Your Teeth 

The dentist is here! And one of our own high school graduates, Gerilyn Fitka, is his assistant! Gerilyn is now living in Bethel. The things she does as a dental assistant in Bethel are: sterilize intruments, polish teeth, give flouride treatments, take X-rays, clean- up, help with scheduling patients, pack equipment, assist him in any other way he needs.

Gerilyn works for the YKHC Dental Department. She works mainly in Bethel but also in different villages. She has been working at her job for one year, and she has traveled to nine different villages, including Nightmute, Hooper Bay, Mountain Village, Kotlik, Akiak, Alakanuk, Holy Cross, Aniak and Marshall. The things she does when she travels are: polish teeth, give flourides, show kids how to brush, help with fillings, help pull teeth and do sealants and crowns, and schedule patients.

Gerilyn has been in Marshall since the first of November and she will be leaving on the eleventh, but the dentist came on the third and left on the seventh. He will return for another week in December.

Tatiana Sergie
Floss Your Teeth 



Armory Nearly Finished

Right now at the armory they're painting inside and doing exterior finish work. They are also pretty much on schedule in terms of finishing the construction of the building.

Tim, the foreman, said that the building design came from Architects Alaska in Anchorage who got the design from an outfit in Canada that specializes in northern construction. The roof is stronger than most house roofs and can hold more snow than usual. But it's a standard 3/12 pitched roof which means there's three feet of rise for every twelve feet of run.

The foundation is very different and has many aluminum poles holding the building up. It is made this way so that if one pole gives out the others will hold the building up. Then they could simply replace the pole that gave out. It's also made especially for northern climates.

After the building is finished it will have to be inspected by the State of Alaska.

Maurice Turet
Armory Nearly Finished  


Brush Your Teeth!

Dr. Todd M. Evans and his dental assistant recently were in Marshall after traveling to Aniak, Upper/Lower Kalskag, Akiachak and Pilot Station. Formerly from Indiana, Todd lives in Bethel and works as a dentist. He provides primary dental care services to the people of the Y-K Delta. Todd has worked with the United States Public Health Service for two and a half years. The clinic he works at is based out of Bethel, and when they travel around the villages they carry portable equipment with them. Todd arrived here in Marshall on November 3rd and stayed until November 7th. While he was here he did dental exams, cleanings, fillings, sealants, oral hygiene instructions, extractions, consultations and referrals. He will be back on December 8 and will be here until December 12. So, children, parents and elders, keep your teeth clean!

Brush Your Teeth! Rose Lynn Fitka



The AFN Convention

During the AFN Convention, students who were selected to represent the LYSD stayed at the Inlet Tower Suites. There were three students to each room. The convention was held at the Egan Center.

The first day after we signed in and were welcomed by the Barrow dance group, we sat and listened to Jeenie Green talk about Alaskan culture and Heartbeat Alaska.

The next day, we had to wake up early in the morning to start our meetings where we talked about subsistence hunting and the past, and how it affected young people, what it was like to live when the "white man" first came, and how much Alaska has changed over the past ten years.

The third day we met the 1964 ten kilometer Olympic gold medalist, Bill Mills. Everyone called him Billy because that is what he wanted to be called. A few of us got his autograph. Then we had group meetings where all the different Alaskan cultural groups went into a room and talked about whatever questions they had.

The fourth day, we had our last meeting about subsistence. We also talked about sobriety, hunting, and diapers. One guy asked, "Why do we call what our ancestors did for a living in the past, subsistence?" We talked about that for a long while. And I wondered, why do we call that subsistence? Later, I looked up the meaning of the word subsistence. According to the dictionary, it is "the minimum amount of food and/or shelter we need to live in this world." Which means taking the fish and game we need to survive well on in today's world, just as our grandparents did in their day.

That night, we had a teen dance. It was really cool. It was from 8:00 P.M. to midnight at the Egan Center. During our free time we either went shopping or to a movie. While we were in Anchorage, two students got sent home for drinking. I think that if you want to go on a school-sponsored trip you should try and do your best and not think about messing up.

Mary June Tinker

The AFN Convention
The AFN Convention



Editorial Page

Native Sovereignty

Charlotte Alstrom

Say No to Drugs and Alcohol

Tassie Fitka


Max's Message from the Best
Little School on the Yukon


Feature News

A Bad Year For Eeling

Jonathan Boots

Floss Your Teeth

Tatiana Sergie

Armory Nearly Finished

Maurice Turet

Brush Your Teeth!

Rose Lynn Fitka

The AFN Convention

Mary June Tinker

What's Happenin' at School?

Annie's Kindergarten

Annie Hunter

Barb's 1st and 2nd Grades

Written by the 2nd grade students.

Happy Thanksgiving from Room #103

Janice Olsen

Tom's Class

Tom Andrew

Richard's Classes

Richard Olsen

Frank's Classes

Frank Keim

Guy's Classes

Guy Sandlin

Special Olympics in Marshall

A New Volleyball Season For Alvin

Tassie Fitka

Fish Flash

Jonathan Boots

Signs of Global Warming

Joe Fitka



November 1997 Calendar


Elders Page


Taking the Wrong Trail

Alexander Isaac




Dear Tat


Mystery People


Did You Know That…


Fun Page


Look To The Stars
Your Personal Horoscope


??Guess Who!!


Special Feature from the Tundra Drums
in memory of Veterans Day

Vietnam vet recalls the 'crazy wars'

Frank Keim

Message Page (in pdf)


End Notes
Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 23, 2006