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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Paul Survived to Tell the Story


On December 15, 1968, when Paul was 27 years old, he was coming home from Bethel by snow machine and decided to stop at Akiachak. People there told him that the weather was going to get worse, but he decided to try to make it home and continued on his way. When he got out on the tundra the weather got really bad. The snow was blowing so hard he couldn't even see the front of his snow machine. Soon he ran out of gas and started walking. After a day or so he came to the little hills on the south side of the Yukon. But there was really deep snow there and he had to go down on his knees and elbows and crawl. He had no snowshoes so crawling like this helped keep him from sinking in the deep snow. So far he had gone 3 days without food, water and sleep. So when he finally made it to a slough he stopped and fell asleep right on top of the snow. He doesn't know how long he slept but when he woke up it was morning. He also found he couldn't move most of his body. It was cold and he had almost frozen to death while he was sleeping. He started moving his arms around for a couple hours until they finally had feeling. While he was doing this he thought about dying. He wondered if he died there at that spot if that is where people would find him? Then he thought about his brother Charley and decided to keep on walking.

After walking for many more hours he finally got to the Yukon River. He saw he was above Ohogamiut a few miles probably near Kakamiut, so he started walking slowly down river, hoping to make it to Ohog before dark. When he got to Ohogamiut he went into one of the old cabins there and stayed the night. Since he didn't have any matches he couldn't build a fire, so he gathered lots of grass and stuffed it inside his clothes to keep warm while he slept. It was like sleeping in a warm house, he said.

In the morning he was more rested but still very hungry because there was no food in Ohog. He set out again anyway, heading downriver for Marshall which was still 30 miles or so away.

When he got down to a place called Agumalria he was really tired again, but in the distance he saw a snow machine and he waved it over. It was Vernon Evan. He told Vernon his story and asked him if he could bring him home to Marshall. But Vernon couldn't take him back, so Paul continued on down the river. When he reached Ingrihak he saw another snow machine, and he took off his coat and waved the snow machine over. It was Pete Williams. Pete asked him what happened and he told him he got lost and had been walking for seven days without food. Could he give him a ride home? Pete told Paul that he'd take him to Ohog first and then take him back to Marshall the next day. When they got to Ohog Pete gave Paul some food but told him not to eat too much because he hadn't eaten in a long time. The next day they both went back to Marshall. Paul said he would never forget Pete for what he did. If it wasn't for Pete, he said, he probably wouldn't be alive today. Pete gave him life. One thing he learned is never to travel in such bad weather again. He learned his lesson that year.

By: Paul Boots

Interview by: Theresa George

Paul Survived to Tell the Story

Fair Weather Hunting

- Nick Fitka Sr./Carmen Pitka

Blown off the Airstrip

- Palassa Fitka/Chris Fitka

A Fun Slide/A Big Wheelie

- Frances Evan/Garrett Evan

Stuck in a Snow Storm

- Leo Fitka/Chris Fitka

A Week In Togiak Bay

- Florence Peter/Tanya Peter

A Bad Blizzard

- Natalia George/Theresa George

Excitement on the Yukon

- Ellen Alstrom/Fred Alstrom

Walking Back to Marshall

- Joseph Peter/Tanya Peter

Lost In The Ocean

- Juliana B. Fitka/Gerilyn Fitka

Lost On The Flats

- Liza Busch/Ben Peteroff

Circling Marshall

- Nus Turet/Olga Moxie

Lost in a Blizzard

- Frank Coffee/Carmen Pitka

When Angeline Said Her Prayers

- Angeline Coffee/Fred Alstrom

Deep Snow

- David Evan/Ben Peteroff

Dave's Snowy Trapping Trip

- David Fitka/Fred Alstrom

The Whiteout

- Lena Sergie/Gerilyn Fitka

A Rough Ride to Boreal

- Roberta Fitka/Tanya Peter

Big Waves

- Jacob Isaac/Olga Moxie

We Forgot!

- Annie Hunter/Theresa George


- Nick Isaac/Carmen Pitka

The White Out

- Terri Manumik/Gerilyn Fitka


- Richard Olsen/Chris Fitka

Two Days in the Fog

- Andy Boots/Tanya Peter

Paul Survived to Tell the Story

- Paul Boots/Theresa George

White Out!

- Frank Keim


Authentic Student Stories


Stories by Parents
and Community


Stories by Elders


Stories by the Elementary


Creative Student Stories

Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 24, 2006