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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Animal Habitat Continues to Vanish

Global warming is causing a lot of problems for the land, the environment, and the animals. Since 10,000 years ago, during the last ice age, the earth's temperature has risen five degrees. It is hard to say which plant species will be able to keep up with the fast changes in the environment. Rapid growing trees like spruce can move across the land up to one hundred yards a year. Other species of plants, like the slower evolving ones, only move a few feet per decade. On the west coast, Edith's checkerspot butterfly has already moved its course one hundred miles to the north, and entire populations of sea life in Monterey Bay have moved north because the water temperature is four degrees warmer than it was sixty years ago.

Fresh water fish are being affected badly. Species that depend on cold water, such as salmon, trout, walleye, pike, and muskie, are in trouble because of a five degree rise in average water temperatures. An Environmental Protection Agency study said that twenty four states could lose fifty to one hundred percent of their cold water fish populations.

Trees like the sugar maple could disappear from the United States. With carbon dioxide doubling in the atmosphere, the ranges of birch, hemlock, and beech trees could also shift 300 to 600 miles to the north. If that happens there would be large areas of dead and dying trees left behind and they are fuel for a sudden disaster of fires that would contribute to the atmosphere's heavy carbon load and the result could be the destruction of even more habitat. From 1981 to 1991 the start of springtime plant growth has advanced by eight days in most of the United States. This could affect some migrating birds and animals that go north to breed. If the animals migrate too early they could end up not having enough food and not reaching their breeding grounds. If they do make it they will find a dangerously unknown environment. Other animals that are being affected are the caribou and seals. The seal pups are dying because their snow dens are collapsing and leaving them vunerable to predators. Together with a reduction in the extent of pack ice, this decline. in the seal population could leave polar bears with no food.

Global warming is affecting everything and everybody in one way or another. So people need to start watching what they are doing to the environment, the land and the air we breathe.

Charlotte Alstrom
Animal Habitat Continues to Vanish


Our Planet is Heating Up

- Jonathan Boots

The Bering Sea is Ill

- Tatiana Sergie

Get Ready For Some Wild Weather

- Rose Lynn Fitka

More Extreme Weather Expected in The Future

- Cheryl Hunter

Severe El Niño Prediction Dismays Alaska Fisherman

- Jackie Paul George

Disease is on the Rise

- Willie Paul Fitka

Animal Habitat Continues to Vanish

- Charlotte Alstrom


Fishy Research Student Whoppers Parent Whoppers Elder Whoppers
Staff Whoppers Adventures Under the Sea Global Warming The Crystal Ball--Imagining how it will be


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 22, 2006