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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Disease is on the Rise

As the world's temperature rises there will be more and more disease. When the world gets warmer mosquitoes and vermin will bring diseases to more and more places. Mosquito-borne malaria is generally restricted to humid regions with an average temperature of 61 degrees. Now about 45 percent of the world has an average temperature of 61 degrees. Global warming in the range of 6 to 10 degrees would spread the disease to 60 percent of the world.

The consequences are supposed to be more devastating for less developed nations and the tropics. Today many people in the tropical highlands are protected by their higher elevations and cooler weather. In 1987 Rwanda had a two percent increase in temperature and that led to a 337 percent increase in malaria rates. Today malaria kills two million people a year. According to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association, by the middle of the next century global warming could cause and additional million malaria deaths every year.

Climate change is also increasing the range of Aedes aegypti, the species of mosquito that carries both dengue and yellow fever. A hot summer in 1995 led to 140,000 cases of dengue fever from Argentina to Texas. Dengue fever is a disease that causes fever, head and eye aches, and pain in the muscles and joints. Symptoms of the disease appear three to six days after the disease-bearing mosquito bites the victim. Dengue is found throughout the tropics and sub-tropics.

The weather extremes caused by global warming could lead to outbreaks of deadly hantavirus, the acute, often fatal respiratory illness that recently killed 76 people nationwide.

Another deadly threat is the resurgence of cholera which thrives in the higher water temperatures of a warmer world. It has already been found in the Chesapeake Bay. A 1991 cholera epidemic in South America killed 5,000 people.

Willie Paul Fitka

Disease is on the Rise


Our Planet is Heating Up

- Jonathan Boots

The Bering Sea is Ill

- Tatiana Sergie

Get Ready For Some Wild Weather

- Rose Lynn Fitka

More Extreme Weather Expected in The Future

- Cheryl Hunter

Severe El Niño Prediction Dismays Alaska Fisherman

- Jackie Paul George

Disease is on the Rise

- Willie Paul Fitka

Animal Habitat Continues to Vanish

- Charlotte Alstrom


Fishy Research Student Whoppers Parent Whoppers Elder Whoppers
Staff Whoppers Adventures Under the Sea Global Warming The Crystal Ball--Imagining how it will be


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
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Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 22, 2006