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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





More Extreme Weather Expected in The Future

The Earth is warming up fast and we humans are helping it. According to the National Climatic Data Center weather extremes are becoming more frequent. There are more hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, flooding and droughts.

So far this century, extreme weather events have increased by 20 percent. The annual precipitation has gone up by 8 percent. People should keep their sandbags ready. Instead of the light rains and gentle snowfalls of the past there is going to be more of it that causes floods. Many of the snow caps in the mountains around the world are melting and glacier ice is cracking and floating off into the oceans. There has also been widespread flooding along the coastal areas. In North Dakota there have been six hundred-year floods in the last ten years. Last winter a couple of major blizzards buried California's Sierra Nevada, but the New Year's warm weather melted it. That caused massive flooding in the Central Valley, causing 36 deaths and billions of dollars in damage. Even with all these storms and a large amount of pack snow in the mountains, there may be a drought in the summer.

The world's glaciers have shrunk 11 percent in the past century, and, according to the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) one-third to one-half of all mountain glacier mass could disappear within the next century. Another concern is the Antarctic ice shelves which are melting very fast. Two huge chunks, the size of Rhode Island, have fallen off in the past two years. Antarctica's temperature has risen two degrees Faerenheit since the 1950's. At this rate most of the East Coast beaches will vanish within the next 25 years. They are already disappearing at the rate of two feet per year. The Everglades and Atchafalaya swamps will be totally underwater.

Everybody talks about the weather and nobody does anything about it. If we all don't act now the Earth is going to be badly damaged. Many people are enjoying the warmer weather up here in Alaska, but this warmer weather may end up hurting the Earth.

Cheryl Hunter

Source: Global Climate Change, Sierra Magazine, 1997.

WEDNESDAY, September 3, 1997
Warming seas lure
California fish north


In the Gulf of Alaska, surface temperature
readings have been about 10 degrees higher
than normal.


Our Planet is Heating Up

- Jonathan Boots

The Bering Sea is Ill

- Tatiana Sergie

Get Ready For Some Wild Weather

- Rose Lynn Fitka

More Extreme Weather Expected in The Future

- Cheryl Hunter

Severe El Niño Prediction Dismays Alaska Fisherman

- Jackie Paul George

Disease is on the Rise

- Willie Paul Fitka

Animal Habitat Continues to Vanish

- Charlotte Alstrom


Fishy Research Student Whoppers Parent Whoppers Elder Whoppers
Staff Whoppers Adventures Under the Sea Global Warming The Crystal Ball--Imagining how it will be


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 22, 2006