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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Get Ready For Some Wild Weather

El Niño, meaning "the Christ Child", was named in the 19th century when Peruvian sailors noticed that every few years around Christmas time coastal waters warmed up and the current shifted southward causing environmental damage. This is a world-wide weather phenomenon that, over the years, has been blamed for droughts and floods, famine, wildfires and thousands of human deaths. Stephen Zebiak and Mark Cane, research scientists at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, have developed a computerized forcast model that correctly predicted El Niño's occurrences in 1982, 1986 and 1991, and pointed to a recurrence in 1998. Now on Zebiak's screen from satellite and sea-surface monitors across the Pacific, his model indicates that El Niño is already beginning. A huge pool of warm water--larger than the United States and some 600 feet deep--was moving eastward toward South America. In June the equatorial trade winds reversed direction from westward to eastward. This last happened in the winter of 1982-83 and, according to the National Centers for Environmental Prediction, it was the most disastrous El Niño of the recent past.

Some changes that have already taken place by September are: waters off Northern California were 17 degrees warmer than normal; off the Washington coast, stunned fishermen caught a marlin, a trophy fish that seldom strays that far north; storms were flooding central Chile and heavier than normal snowfalls in the Andes trapped hundreds in the bitter cold.

El Niño's vast impact on humans has often been catastrophic. The powerful El Niño of 1982-83 inflicted an estimated $13 billion in damage and claimed about 2000 lives. In Australia day turned into night when a dust storm blanketed Melbourne; then brush fires raged in its wake. Southern India's monsoon fizzled out and crops withered. The same El Niño brought a flurry of typhoons to normally storm-free section of the Pacific, demolishing parts of Hawaii.

To me this is mother nature sending a message saying, "You've destroyed me long enough. Now it's time to pay you all back!" Think about it.

Rose Lynn Fitka
Get Ready For Some Wild Weather


Our Planet is Heating Up

- Jonathan Boots

The Bering Sea is Ill

- Tatiana Sergie

Get Ready For Some Wild Weather

- Rose Lynn Fitka

More Extreme Weather Expected in The Future

- Cheryl Hunter

Severe El Niño Prediction Dismays Alaska Fisherman

- Jackie Paul George

Disease is on the Rise

- Willie Paul Fitka

Animal Habitat Continues to Vanish

- Charlotte Alstrom


Fishy Research Student Whoppers Parent Whoppers Elder Whoppers
Staff Whoppers Adventures Under the Sea Global Warming The Crystal Ball--Imagining how it will be


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 22, 2006