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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






Panda Bear

Panda Bear

Panda Bear

A Panda bear is like the Koala bear but they aren't true bears. Pandas are big with white and black colors. They have black ears, legs, eye patches, feet, chest, and shoulders. Sometimes the tip of the tail is black. Both males and females look alike. They both are 6.25 to 6 feet in length and they weigh up to 200 pounds. But the male weighs 10 to 20 percent more than the female.

The Chinese people call the Pandas "Xiongmao," which means "giant catbear." This is because Pandas have vertically split eyes just like cats. All the other bears have round pupils. The Panda also has a sixth finger which is something like an opposable thumb. In reality the thumb is only an enlarged bone which has independent movement. It is very important to the Panda because it helps handle the bamboo stems and leaves that they eat. It has to eat up to 45 pounds of the plant in order to survive each day. Pandas have no heal pad though like the rest of the bears.

Pandas have lived in the forests of China since the Pliocene Epoch. They have been around for 12 million years. Long ago they roamed as far north as Beijing and as far south as northern Burma. Pandas live in bamboo thickets that provide them with food and protective cover. They are built short and squat so they can slip right in when they need shelter.

The Panda bear doesn't gallop like the rest of the bears. They trot like cats, and after they are done eating they lie around just like cats too. Pandas even climb trees, marking the trees with claw scratches. They don't hibernate like the rest of the bears. They go to lower elevations and continue to feed on bamboo. They don't make winter dens. They sleep in hollow trees or rock crevices only during very bad storms. Wild Pandas are active most of the time looking for bamboo to eat.

No one knows how long a Panda may live, but they say they may live up to 30 years. Panda cubs really dislike dogs and leopards. But adult Pandas rarely have enemies other than humans.

The Panda's home range is from 1.5 to 2.5 square miles. When adult Pandas are together they make very loud noises. Some noises they make are: chirps, yips, squalls, moans and barks. Pandas mark their territory by urinating on it. They sometimes do it in a weird way, by doing a handstand to get very high.

Pandas are found mostly in zoos. There they can do a lot of things they are taught by humans) Iike stunts, riding a bicycle, rolling somersaults, eating with a knife and fork and even dunking a basketball.

Palassa Sergie

The Brown Bear

- Gabriel Duny


- Barbara Andrew

Polar Bear

- Tina Papp

Black Bears

- Henry S. Hunter

Asiatic Black Bear (Selenarctos thibetanus)

- Leslie Hunter Jr.

Sloth Bear

- LaVerne J. Manumik

Spectacled Bears Tremarctos ornatus

- Flora M. Evan

Panda Bear

- Palassa Sergie

Sun Bear

- Marlene Papp

Grizzly Bear

- Billy Waska

The Body of a Grizzly Bear

- Tina Papp

Hibernation and Denning of Grizzly Bears

- Flora Evan


Bear Fire
Stories and Poems
about Bears

by Marshall High School
Language Arts Classes
Spring, 1992


Produced by 
Information about Bears

Creative Stories from the Imagination

True Stories from Experience



Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 21, 2006