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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.



Sloth Bear

The history of the Sloth bear leads back to the eighteenth century when the first pelts of this bear arrived in Europe. These bears were shot by big game hunters in India, and it was said that they had turtleneck snouts. These animals were also reported to hang upside down from branches for long hours on end. People that saw these bears said that they cried like babies.

A doctor by the name of George Shaw of the British Museum was so impressed by the details of this bear that he decided to study it to find out more information about it. At first this bear had been classified with sloths because of its long sickle shaped claws. But in 1819, when a live specimen reached Paris, it was realized that this animal wasn't a sloth but a true bear. That was when the name "bear sloth" was quickly changed to "sloth bear".

This bear has a long, shaggy, unkempt, black coat, with a white Y marking on its chest. Its hair is much longer than that of any other bear. It has most of its hair around the neck and the shoulders. Underneath the shaggy hair it has no hair, to keep it cool.

A Sloth bear has a muzzle with extremely protrusive lips and nostrils. It is much like an anteater. It likes to eat termites. Its hairless nose helps it suck termites in. This is their main source of food.

When this bear is just walking around it may be three feet long, but when

standing it's six feet tall. The feet consist of white, blunt, curved claws up to three inches long. The tail is much longer than any other bear's. Male Sloth bears weigh about 300 pounds, and females weigh less.

These bears are found on the islands of Sri Lanka and on the Indian subcontinent, around the north part of the Himalayas, and east of Assam. Some people have seen them in a Nepal park called Chitwan National Park.

These bears are active all the time. They walk very slowly, but they can gallop as fast as a walking person.

When this bear meets danger it does not hide. It can be very dangerous to be around when it is mad.

These bears like the company of other Sloth bears. They communicate with facial expressions, strange roars, howls, squeals, yelps, huffs, rattles and gurgles. When mating they are very noisy. When they sleep they are also noisy. Male bears mark trees when they are ready to mate.

Sloth Bears do not sleep at all during the winter, like other bears. These bears are not considered game animals. They are only killed if they get into someone's crops and eat their produce. The real danger to this bear is the destruction by humans of their habitat.

The Sloth bear is estimated to have a population ranging from 7,000 to 10,000, but it is also disappearing very fast. In the Bengal Tiger Reserve this bear is increasing, however.


by LaVerne J. Manumik

Sloth Bear

Sloth Bear

The Brown Bear

- Gabriel Duny


- Barbara Andrew

Polar Bear

- Tina Papp

Black Bears

- Henry S. Hunter

Asiatic Black Bear (Selenarctos thibetanus)

- Leslie Hunter Jr.

Sloth Bear

- LaVerne J. Manumik

Spectacled Bears Tremarctos ornatus

- Flora M. Evan

Panda Bear

- Palassa Sergie

Sun Bear

- Marlene Papp

Grizzly Bear

- Billy Waska

The Body of a Grizzly Bear

- Tina Papp

Hibernation and Denning of Grizzly Bears

- Flora Evan


Bear Fire
Stories and Poems
about Bears

by Marshall High School
Language Arts Classes
Spring, 1992


Produced by 
Information about Bears

Creative Stories from the Imagination

True Stories from Experience



Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 21, 2006