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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.



The Body of a Grizzly Bear

The Grizzly bear lives all over Alaska and in some parts of Canada and Montana. The biggest Grizzlies live in Alaska and they can be the most dangerous animals.

The bear's body looks very large in size because of it s loose skin. Its large head also makes the bear look very large. Bears' eyes are very small, and they cannot see very well. Although they have small ears, they can hear very well and they can also smell very well. That is why you have to watch your fish over the summer so the bears can't get to them.

The bear's legs are very short, strong and they also have big feet. So if you are running from a bear you'd better watch out because if the bear swings its arms it could kill you in an instant. The bear has four pair of legs and the five toes on each paw have long, heavy claws. The bear uses its claws to dig out a den,for food, and to tear its prey. The claws in the front are longer than those on the back feet. The claws on a large bear could be as much as 6 inches long. They do not retract into sheaths like those of Black bears.

The bear's walk is very different from that of other kinds of animals. Most animals walk and run on their toes, but the bear puts its whole foot on the ground. The bear usually moves very slowly and drags its feet. The hind feet of a bear are 12 to 16 inches long.

The bear's teeth are very large. They eat both plants and meat and are called omnivores. Their teeth are made to eat plants and meat. Most bears eat both meat throughout the year, but three-four month olds only eat plants. The front teeth are large canine and smaller incisors. They are used for catching and killing the prey. The back teeth are called molars. They are flat and used for chewing and grinding the food.

The bear's skeleton looks more like that of a dog. That is why they are related to the dogs, wolves, and foxes. The only difference between the bones of a bear and a dog is the weight. Here is a picture below that shows you the skeleton of a grizzly bear.

Skeleton of a Grizzly Bear

The Body of a Grizzly Bear

On the next page is a picture showing you how big bear may look. You can see what makes the bear look so large. The head, thick layer of skin and fur makes him look mean and vicious.

 The Body of a Grizzly Bear

 Bears are very strong and that is why they are considered a predator. In fact, they are one of the strongest and fastest animals in the world. They are fast enough to catch a horse and can run up to 35 miles an hour. They grow about nine feet long and weigh over 1,500 pounds.

The body of a bear is fascinating. And the bigger the bear the more interesting it is. I think it is the most interesting animal in the world. It has the body of a beast and the mind of a king.

By: Tina Papp

The Body of a Grizzly Bear


The World Book Encyclopedia, 1985

Zoobook, "'Bears". Kitson, Kenneth. 1991

 The Body of a Grizzly Bear The Body of a Grizzly Bear

The Brown Bear

- Gabriel Duny


- Barbara Andrew

Polar Bear

- Tina Papp

Black Bears

- Henry S. Hunter

Asiatic Black Bear (Selenarctos thibetanus)

- Leslie Hunter Jr.

Sloth Bear

- LaVerne J. Manumik

Spectacled Bears Tremarctos ornatus

- Flora M. Evan

Panda Bear

- Palassa Sergie

Sun Bear

- Marlene Papp

Grizzly Bear

- Billy Waska

The Body of a Grizzly Bear

- Tina Papp

Hibernation and Denning of Grizzly Bears

- Flora Evan


Bear Fire
Stories and Poems
about Bears

by Marshall High School
Language Arts Classes
Spring, 1992


Produced by 
Information about Bears

Creative Stories from the Imagination

True Stories from Experience



Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 21, 2006